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Why Should You Invest in Quality Seals?

While industrial seals might seem like something you could save a little money on, this is one part that we don’t recommend cutting costs on. A quality seal will offer many benefits to your business and operations, so it’s worth taking the time to find a solution...

All you need to know about Neoprene O rings

Popular in the refrigeration industry, neoprene o rings are also growing in popularity across a wide range of other sectors due to their incredible resistance to hazardous materials. Also known as chloroquine o rings, these o rings provide excellent resistance to...

Why all sealants are not the same

It's important to understand just how critical it is to use the correct type of sealant. It's especially the case when working with heavy machinery or any industrial situation. You don't want to have to worry about whether your sealing products are working correctly...

How to understand O-rings and their design

O-Rings are a critical component for the proper sealing of specific pipes. They have to sit within a specified groove, which can vary based on the hardware used. That's why it's important to note the various types of o-ring groove design to understand better what kind...

The importance of gasket thickness

Choosing the right gasket material for specific applications is vital. However, gasket thickness is also a feature that must not be overlooked in the decision-making process. Choosing the right gasket thickness can help when you’re experiencing challenges with...

How Temperature Impacts Gasket Performance

When using a spiral wound gasket, there are many things you need to keep in mind. The most common issue we hear people discuss regarding gasket performance issues at high temperatures. If you are using a gasket for the first time at a new temperature and notice it...

How Thick Should Gasket Paper Be?

When creating gaskets, one of the most common questions we receive is regarding gasket paper thickness. You’ll find there are various options on the market, which come in different sizes and thicknesses. Today we’re going to discover what gasket paper is and how you...

O-Rings for the Beer Industry

O-rings offer a wide range of applications, and many people aren’t aware of just how versatile an o-ring can be. When working with o-ring suppliers in the UK, you’ll soon find out that we supply these to a range of businesses, including to breweries. Today we’re going...

Gasket Safety

Gaskets and seals are vital components for applications requiring a solid seal, helping prevent leaks and stop gases and other chemicals from escaping.  However, over time, and due to the fluctuating temperatures, compression sets, and exposure to chemicals, seals do...

Is fluorosilicone rubber o rings a sustainable choice?

Fluorosilicone rubber, also known as FVQM or MFQ, contains 23-28% fluorine and has nearly the same physical and mechanical properties as standard silicone rubber as matches on par with their flexibility at low temperatures.  However, due to its fluorine...

O Ring Materials Selection

O Ring Materials SelectionThis is a quick overview of the various O-Ring materials that are available for applications and found at select UK O-Ring suppliers. When it comes to Specialist Sealing Products, it is a good idea to be clued into every option that is on the market. The materials can range from the common O-Ring with Shore 70A hardness to more complex elastomeric items.

This list will give any engineer a brief understanding of how to make the correct O-Ring selection for their application.

O-Ring Requirements

Some of the factors to take into consideration when choosing the right O-Ring are:

  • Temperatures to which the application will be subjected
  • Pressure, the seals, will encounter
  • If the application chemicals will be compatible with the O-Ring material
  • What size and budget restraints are required
  • Durometer readings

Once the engineer knows these key points, it will be possible to determine the correct O-Ring material that is suitable. If there is any doubt that the standard materials aren’t acceptable for an application that demands extreme performance or environment, a customised specialist material can be designed.

Common O-Ring Materials

All O-rings are manufactured from an elastomeric material. However, they have many different formulaic compositions that change the function specifications.

The more common O-Ring materials are:

  • Nitrile, or NBR
  • Viton®, or FKM
  • Silicone
  • Neoprene
  • EPDM

Nitrile/NBR/Perbunan: If there is one substance O-Rings must be able to tolerate, it is lubricants. Nitrile was developed for sealing systems that encounter large quantities of oils and fuels. This is the O-Ring material of choice for gasket manufacturers. Even though it has been around since the 1930s, it remains a fundamental, popular choice.

Viton®/FKM/Fluoroelastomer: A synthetic rubber developed for high performance, Viton® is the O-ring of choice for any application that demands a high tolerance to chemicals and fuels. Harsh corrosive chemicals can erode or damage an O-ring after a continued interaction. FKM performs well under high temperatures, making it a good choice for combustibles like gas. Strict tests have indicated that Viton® is not suitable for any applications using steam.

Silicone: This ubiquitous synthetic rubber remains durable in most temperature extremes. Unique compounds have been added to the silicone O-Ring gum stock to make it more tear-resistant. It comes in a variety of colours and can withstand fluctuations in weather.

Neoprene®/Chloroprene: Neoprene® has been around for many decades because it is well-priced and has overall solid performance. Some of the outstanding qualities of Neoprene® is its ability to be customised for certain specifications. In its commercial uses, it is fuel and lubricant resistant, durable in all weathers and performs well in dynamic applications.

EPDM: This material is made of synthetic rubber that is resistant to long periods of exposure to weather and harsh conditions. This gives EPDM a solid rating when added to its excellent performance against fuels, oils and lubricants.

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