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Why Should You Invest in Quality Seals?

While industrial seals might seem like something you could save a little money on, this is one part that we don’t recommend cutting costs on. A quality seal will offer many benefits to your business and operations, so it’s worth taking the time to find a solution...

All you need to know about Neoprene O rings

Popular in the refrigeration industry, neoprene o rings are also growing in popularity across a wide range of other sectors due to their incredible resistance to hazardous materials. Also known as chloroquine o rings, these o rings provide excellent resistance to...

Why all sealants are not the same

It's important to understand just how critical it is to use the correct type of sealant. It's especially the case when working with heavy machinery or any industrial situation. You don't want to have to worry about whether your sealing products are working correctly...

How to understand O-rings and their design

O-Rings are a critical component for the proper sealing of specific pipes. They have to sit within a specified groove, which can vary based on the hardware used. That's why it's important to note the various types of o-ring groove design to understand better what kind...

The importance of gasket thickness

Choosing the right gasket material for specific applications is vital. However, gasket thickness is also a feature that must not be overlooked in the decision-making process. Choosing the right gasket thickness can help when you’re experiencing challenges with...

How Temperature Impacts Gasket Performance

When using a spiral wound gasket, there are many things you need to keep in mind. The most common issue we hear people discuss regarding gasket performance issues at high temperatures. If you are using a gasket for the first time at a new temperature and notice it...

How Thick Should Gasket Paper Be?

When creating gaskets, one of the most common questions we receive is regarding gasket paper thickness. You’ll find there are various options on the market, which come in different sizes and thicknesses. Today we’re going to discover what gasket paper is and how you...

O-Rings for the Beer Industry

O-rings offer a wide range of applications, and many people aren’t aware of just how versatile an o-ring can be. When working with o-ring suppliers in the UK, you’ll soon find out that we supply these to a range of businesses, including to breweries. Today we’re going...

Gasket Safety

Gaskets and seals are vital components for applications requiring a solid seal, helping prevent leaks and stop gases and other chemicals from escaping.  However, over time, and due to the fluctuating temperatures, compression sets, and exposure to chemicals, seals do...

Is fluorosilicone rubber o rings a sustainable choice?

Fluorosilicone rubber, also known as FVQM or MFQ, contains 23-28% fluorine and has nearly the same physical and mechanical properties as standard silicone rubber as matches on par with their flexibility at low temperatures.  However, due to its fluorine...

O-ring Size Guidelines

O-ring Size GuidelinesThe performance of an O-ring seal depends largely on two factors the right material and the right size. However, determining the right size O-ring is usually the hardest part when it comes to choosing the right O-ring for an application.  

Unfortunately, selecting the right O-ring size is paramount to avoid leakage and other costly damages that may occur in the long run.  Additionally, If you’re unsure what O-ring size you need, you’ll have a difficult time purchasing an O-ring that will work for your application.  

So, here’s a guide that will help you size an O-ring properly.  

Measuring O-ring Cross Section and Inside Diameter 

To identify the right O ring sizes for your application, you need to know the required cross-sectional (CS) diameter and the inside diameter (ID). The CS can be best measured using a calliper, but you can also get a close estimate using any other sizing tool.  

When it comes to measuring the ID, it is advisable to use a calliper for very small IDs and a Pi-Tape or O-Sizer for larger IDs. Once you’ve determined the CS and ID, you can use an O-ring size chart to determine if the dimensions correspond with the recommended O-ring size for your application. 

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Understanding O-ring Sizes and Tolerances 

O-rings are normally described by either standard (inch) or metric (mm) dimensions. There normally exists some variance in the O-ring dimensions as a result of manufacturing limitations. These variances are referred to as tolerances.  

Aerospace Standard AS568B defines standard O-ring sizes. The CS of these O-rings range from 0.040 to 0.275 inches, and their ID range from 0.029 to 25.940 inches.  

Metric O-ring sizes, on the other hand, are defined by International Standard ISO 3601-1, which classifies metric sizes into two categories, G and A. The G series O-rings are available in a wide range of ID and are ideal for general purpose applications. The A series O-rings, on the other hand, are ideal for aerospace applications, which require tighter tolerances.  

Choosing the Right Cross-sectional Diameter 

Generally, O-rings with a larger CS offer better resistance to compression set. Moreover, they have less volume swell in fluids and won’t leak easily if their surface is scratched.  

Orings with smaller CS boast superior physical properties. They also can resist explosive decompression better than their larger CS counterparts. Moreover, these O-rings are more space-efficient. 

When it comes to dynamic applications, you would want to go for O-rings with large CS as they are more resistant to rolling in a groove. Smaller CS O-rings will normally slide and roll in a groove, resulting in leakages due to the ring’s spiral failure.  

Now that you have some knowledge of O-ring size selection, you can go shopping for your O-rings at Specialist Sealing Products, one of the leading O-ring suppliers in the UK. The company offers a wide range of high-quality O-rings. For more information on O-rings and other sealing products offered by Special Sealing Products, click here 

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