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Different elastomers for o rings and various applications

An elastomer is a primary raw material used for most o rings. They are typically manufactured as gum rubber or manufactured synthetically, and surprisingly today, there are approximately over 32 different synthetic rubbers now available.  Elastomer compounds will...

Spiral wound gasket thickness – what’s best?

It is often recommended that using a thinner gasket type/material will result in better sealing performance.  Why?  Because thinner gaskets tend to require much less gasket stress to provide applications with the perfect seal, they also have an excellent response to...

Choosing the correct oil seal application

Choosing and using the proper sealing devices within oil and gas applications can be vital when preventing dirt, dust, water, and other debris from potentially getting inside and contaminating products.  Of course, all rubber materials and seals will provide a range...

Nitrile rubber, NBR, and Buna-N – how well do you know your o ring materials?

A widely used elastomer, Nitrile, Buna-N, or NBR rubber, are all oil and fuel resistant and provide a great level of strength, making them a popular material for seals across various industries.  Suitable for a range of applications, this versatile rubber material,...

Optimum squeezing force for an o ring

It is true that the more squeeze you place on an o ring, the tighter the seal it will provide. In essence, the more squeeze (compression) you apply, the greater the force between the o ring and its mating hardware.  And ensuring you have the perfect seal is all...

O Ring Squeeze

The squeeze and shrinkage on an o ring are vital to understanding as these factors stand in the way of your application either experiencing a perfect seal or your application suffering from leaks.  You can measure the shrinkage of an o ring during...

Keeping your o rings bonded

EMI o rings. Those seal ring gaskets are made of silicone compounds, combining environmental sealing with electromagnetic interference protection.  Consisting of metal or metal-coated particles, silicone o rings are filled with silver, silver aluminium, or nickel...

The importance of mechanical seals when reducing water consumption in mining

Environmental considerations are at the top of most industry's agendas in the 21st century as companies evaluate and improve operations, processes, and systems.  Conserving water in mining is one such area that is now being investigated further with the rotation of...

How choosing the correct gasket reduces risks

Health and Safety across any industry are vital, especially so in industrial facilities and settings.  Why?  Because harmful leaks and emissions must be avoided at all costs to avoid serious accidents or injury to your teams and property.  That’s why having the right...

How to tighten your bolts perfectly

How to tighten your bolts and which tools you should use to achieve the perfect seal is not as seamless and straightforward as we would like. Various factors come into play in these situations, such as bolt grade, size, and even application type.  Tightening torques...

Why Colour Matters When Choosing Gaskets?

Why Colour Matters When Choosing Gaskets?Gasket manufacturers have turned to colour coding gaskets to make the selection and categorisation of the product more accessible 

It is possible to identify the winding and filler materials that were used for fabrication by the colouring of the outer top side of the centre gasket ring; the colour stripes placed at intervals on the outside designate what non-metallic winding filler materials were used 

These not only help to identify and choose products, but they also set an industry standard so that the correct gasket is selected for an application. 

A limited colour selection can no longer satisfy consumers who seek more diversity to match the multitudes of applications. The colours range from standard grey all the way to the most vibrant hues. Thus, it is possible to match the colour of the seals and gaskets to doors and windows where they will hide in plain sight. 

Any queries about the use of gaskets, gasket colours or seal colours, can be expertly answered by the technicians at Specialist Sealing Products. The training and long-term association with seals and gaskets guarantees the staff can swiftly understand any application requirements and solutions 

How a Spiral Wound Gasket Colours Will Look 

The standard used for the fabrication of spiral wound gaskets is called ASME B-16.20. It requires an inner ring to be placed on all PTFE manufactured gaskets in all available classes. 

These colours denote the materials used, the temperatures they have been manufactured to withstand, and will have an abbreviation of the material stamped on the ring. 

When looking at the gasket from a transverse section so that it looks like the rings around the planet Saturn and starting from the innermost centre (otter) ring, there is a stamp with numbers and letters that indicate the materials used to make the gasket. 

Looking at the outer ring, there will be a gasket manufacturer’s stamp with their registered name. This will help anyone looking for a particular brand. 

There are four other stamps on the outer ring that help identify the gasket properties and specs.  

  • Stamps with plain numbers and a letter indicate the material when it is something other than carbon steel. 
  • Stamp that looks the same as the one listed above but with a forward stroke / followed by letters indicates the gasket filler material. 
  • Stamps also have the standard manufacturing rating such as ASME B-16.20. 
  • A stamp with measurements indicates the nominated pipe size and pressure rating.

Find Out More Here!

Gasket Identification Using Colour Guide 

For even better ways of being able to tell the materials used in a gasket, there are colours to guide the buyer. There is sure to be a colour coded chart that will assist in choice, as even seasoned engineers sometimes struggle to remember the properties of the many different colours and what they denote.  

Some gaskets have no colourThis is not deliberate; the defining properties of the gasket will be able to be understood from reading the stamps as demonstrated in the previous section. Staff at Specialist Sealing Products will be on hand to assist any colour or stamp queries.

Read the next article: Spiral wound gasket and sheet gasket

– Reference Video: HardHat Engineer

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