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Optimum squeezing force for an o ring

It is true that the more squeeze you place on an o ring, the tighter the seal it will provide. In essence, the more squeeze (compression) you apply, the greater the force between the o ring and its mating hardware.  And ensuring you have the perfect seal is all...

O Ring Squeeze

The squeeze and shrinkage on an o ring are vital to understanding as these factors stand in the way of your application either experiencing a perfect seal or your application suffering from leaks.  You can measure the shrinkage of an o ring during...

Keeping your o rings bonded

EMI o rings. Those seal ring gaskets are made of silicone compounds, combining environmental sealing with electromagnetic interference protection.  Consisting of metal or metal-coated particles, silicone o rings are filled with silver, silver aluminium, or nickel...

The importance of mechanical seals when reducing water consumption in mining

Environmental considerations are at the top of most industry's agendas in the 21st century as companies evaluate and improve operations, processes, and systems.  Conserving water in mining is one such area that is now being investigated further with the rotation of...

How choosing the correct gasket reduces risks

Health and Safety across any industry are vital, especially so in industrial facilities and settings.  Why?  Because harmful leaks and emissions must be avoided at all costs to avoid serious accidents or injury to your teams and property.  That’s why having the right...

How to tighten your bolts perfectly

How to tighten your bolts and which tools you should use to achieve the perfect seal is not as seamless and straightforward as we would like. Various factors come into play in these situations, such as bolt grade, size, and even application type.  Tightening torques...

Static and Dynamic o rings

A range of factors and application dynamics come into play when choosing a particular type of o ring.  You need to understand the type of seal exert you require, the dimensions, and even compounds.  Due to the nature of an o ring and its overall design, o rings use...

Gasket Sealants

Fortunately, no one gasket suits a range of applications, but rather we have a multitude of gasket sealants available to meet various specifications and requirements.  Ultimately, sealants are used to effectively ensure gasket seals.  Helping to extend a gasket's life...

Types of industrial gasket material

Different industry sectors will use different types of gaskets and different types of gasket materials.   And of course!  Different industrial gasket materials will be much better suited to some industrial processes and applications compared to others.  As different...

Keeping a close eye on the gaskets your applications use

Gaskets are vital elements to any piping system and application that requires creating the perfect seal in order to prevent leaks.  This is the main role of a gasket, to provide a good seal, with some gasket materials sealing better than others in certain...

Kinds of Spiral Wound Gaskets

Different kinds of gasktetsSpiral wound gaskets are made from winding the strips of metal as well as filler material. The winding material and filler are changed according to the needs of chemical characteristics and compatibility. Spiral wound gaskets are mainly divided according to the materials used in them. There are different kinds of spiral wound gasket material that you may come across. Go through following details to explore what each one of those has got:

What are the Different Kinds of Spiral Wound Gaskets

Metallic gaskets

These are made from the different combinations of metal in specific size and shape. Lens rings gaskets and ring joints gaskets are the ones that usually fall under this type. These are more suitable for high temperature and extreme pressure applications. To seal them, they need high bolt load that facilitates sufficient deformation. Metallic gaskets have a tremendous ability to handle sudden fluctuations in pressure and temperature. It can withstand the pressure limit of up to 10,000 psi, but it also means that there will be hardly any compression. The bolt force creates an extreme pressure on seal interface that allows the gasket metal to flow into the flange material structure thereby producing a tight seal.

The common problem that metallic gaskets face is that they are highly susceptible to the galvanic corrosion. However, this issue can be overcome by keeping gasket material very close to the flange material.

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Semi-metallic gaskets

These kinds of gaskets play an important role to curtail the gap between metallic gaskets and non-metallic gaskets. These are mainly manufactured from the metallic and non-metallic material as a result of that they possess features of both the materials. The metallic part gives sealability, while the non-metallic portion offers resilience and strength. Semi-metallic gaskets are manufactured to tolerate any form of the condition that involves extreme pressure and high temperature.

The winding material selection is made by fluid concentration, cost of the material, corrosive nature and operating temperature. Stainless steel 321, 316 and 304 is a frequently used material for winding. In some of the cases, alternative materials can be used. Graphite and asbestos are also used as general filler material, but in extreme temperature conditions, graphite is a most preferred choice. Gaskets feature outer ring manufactured from the carbon steel material to achieve precise positioning. In case of exceptional applications, they also come with the inner ring. To produce best results, the process fluid and ring material must be compatible with each other.

Non-metallic gaskets

These are manufactured from the materials which are easy to compress such as silicone, PTFE, graphite, NBR, etc. They can resist the corrosion but only up to the limited temperature. Non-metallic gaskets have many restrictions when it comes to the high-pressure conditions. Flat ring gasket form can be used with raised face flanges, while full face gasket is easy to go with flat face flanges.
The difference between the kinds of spiral wound gaskets mentioned above will definitely help you to pick a right type of gasket according to your requirement. So go ahead, make an informed decision and order your chosen gasket here.

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