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The job of an anti-extrusion ring

O rings perform an essential job supporting various applications. Creating a tight seal between the two housing parts that hold it, o rings help prevent liquids and gases from escaping from an application, preventing any detrimental harm and defects from occurring....

What Gaskets Are Best for High-Pressure Vessels?

When it comes to the choice of gaskets on the market today, it can feel quite overwhelming to know which is the right option to use alongside high-pressure vessels. The pressure in these types of vessels can be extremely dangerous and explosive when they are not...

O-Ring Squeeze Ratios – Everything You Need to Know

If you need to install an O-ring seal, you might be wondering what you need to know about squeeze ratios. Specialist Sealing Products offers a wide range of products for your needs, and we’ll be here to help you when selecting the right design and material for your...

Spiral Wound Gaskets and Their Use in the Power Generation Industry

Within the power generation industry today, there are constant challenges to face. Over the past decades, many changes have occurred in this industry, with different fuels used to produce energy. In order to withstand the high temperatures and the conditions of this...

Shelf life of an o ring

It may seem a surprising topic of conversation, but when it comes to o rings and seals, it's important to note that they do have a shelf life, which, if not monitored and regularly checked, can affect their quality and overall performance.  How and where you store...

What are Encapsulated O-Rings?

When discussing the various o-ring options on offer, you might hear encapsulated o rings being discussed. This type of o-ring offers many advantages to manufacturers, but you’ll want to ensure you understand its proper application before purchasing...

Everything You Need to Know About Large O-Rings

Large O-rings, which are often referred to as giant o-rings, are used in a wide variety of applications. They are primarily needed for jobs where heavy machinery or equipment are used, but you’ll find there are a variety of options on the market when choosing large...

How to Avoid Pipeline Flange Corrosion

Our team is all too aware of the risks of corrosion, but it’s something that you can work to avoid in your home and workplace. Preventing corrosion isn’t always an easy task, which is why it’s such a common problem within buildings in the UK. Visit our homepage for...

O-rings suitable for the pharmaceutical industry

O rings are widely used across various industries to support a variety of different pieces of equipment and applications.  They provide an essential function and are ultimately moulded and manufactured to ensure they provide a continually high level of quality through...

The Best Chemical Resistant Gaskets for Sulfuric Acid

If you are using sulfuric acid on a regular basis within your industry, you might be aware of how corrosive it can be. While it can be useful for dyes, explosives, fertilisers, and many more applications, finding a chemical resistant gasket can often be one of the...

O Ring Materials Selection

O Ring Materials SelectionThis is a quick overview of the various O-Ring materials that are available for applications and found at select UK O-Ring suppliers. When it comes to Specialist Sealing Products, it is a good idea to be clued into every option that is on the market. The materials can range from the common O-Ring with Shore 70A hardness to more complex elastomeric items.

This list will give any engineer a brief understanding of how to make the correct O-Ring selection for their application.

O-Ring Requirements

Some of the factors to take into consideration when choosing the right O-Ring are:

  • Temperatures to which the application will be subjected
  • Pressure, the seals, will encounter
  • If the application chemicals will be compatible with the O-Ring material
  • What size and budget restraints are required
  • Durometer readings

Once the engineer knows these key points, it will be possible to determine the correct O-Ring material that is suitable. If there is any doubt that the standard materials aren’t acceptable for an application that demands extreme performance or environment, a customised specialist material can be designed.

Common O-Ring Materials

All O-rings are manufactured from an elastomeric materials. However, they have many different formulaic compositions that change the function specifications.

The more common O-Ring materials are:

  • Nitrile, or NBR
  • Viton®, or FKM
  • Silicone
  • Neoprene
  • EPDM

Nitrile/NBR/Perbunan: If there is one substance O-Rings must be able to tolerate, it is lubricants. Nitrile was developed for sealing systems that encounter large quantities of oils and fuels. This is the O-Ring material of choice for gasket manufacturers. Even though it has been around since the 1930s, it remains a fundamental, popular choice.

Viton®/FKM/Fluoroelastomer: A synthetic rubber developed for high performance, Viton® is the O-ring of choice for any application that demands a high tolerance to chemicals and fuels. Harsh corrosive chemicals can erode or damage an O-ring after a continued interaction. FKM performs well under high temperatures, making it a good choice for combustibles like gas. Strict tests have indicated that Viton® is not suitable for any applications using steam.

Silicone: This ubiquitous synthetic rubber remains durable in most temperature extremes. Unique compounds have been added to the silicone O-Ring gum stock to make it more tear-resistant. It comes in a variety of colours and can withstand fluctuations in weather.

Neoprene®/Chloroprene: Neoprene® has been around for many decades because it is well-priced and has an overall solid performance. Some of the outstanding qualities of Neoprene® is its ability to be customised for certain specifications. In its commercial uses, it is fuel and lubricant resistant, durable in all weathers and performs well in dynamic applications.

EPDM: This material is made of synthetic rubber that is resistant to long periods of exposure to weather and harsh conditions. This gives EPDM a solid rating when added to its excellent performance against fuels, oils and lubricants.

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