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Medical Grade Seals

When looking at your options for gaskets and seals, you’ll see that some products are marked as medical grade. These seals offer a range of extra benefits and features when compared to your typical seals, and they are required for many different types of processes....

O Ring Face Seals

While you may be familiar with O-rings, these come in various types, which offer benefits to a range of manufacturing applications. Sometimes called a toric joint, O-rings work to seal the area between two different joined parts. This means that even when working at...

Straight Thread Tube Fitting O-Rings

When looking at the types of O-rings on offer for your manufacturing processes, you might be wondering which would be the best solution for your unique needs. Today we’re going to take a deeper look into what straight thread tube fitting O-rings are and how we can...

Can You Use Corrugated Gaskets Instead of Spiral Wound Gaskets?

If you’ve always relied on spiral wound gaskets in the past, you might be wondering if there is an alternative option on offer. Corrugated gaskets offer many benefits over spiral wound gaskets, which is why so many companies are opting to switch between these two...

What is a Wiper Seal?

An important component that’s often overlooked by businesses and manufacturers is the wiper seal. If you are wondering what a wiper seal is, today we’re going to discover why you need to use them and how they can support your work. Go to the homepage for more...

How to Choose the Right Seal for Electric Motors

When choosing a seal for your electric motors, there are many options on the market. Finding the right electric motor shaft seal is critical to ensure your customers are happy and that your vehicles fit their needs. Keep reading to discover how to choose the right...

Why Should You Invest in Quality Seals?

While industrial seals might seem like something you could save a little money on, this is one part that we don’t recommend cutting costs on. A quality seal will offer many benefits to your business and operations, so it’s worth taking the time to find a solution...

All you need to know about Neoprene O rings

Popular in the refrigeration industry, neoprene o rings are also growing in popularity across a wide range of other sectors due to their incredible resistance to hazardous materials. Also known as chloroquine o rings, these o rings provide excellent resistance to...

Why all sealants are not the same

It's important to understand just how critical it is to use the correct type of sealant. It's especially the case when working with heavy machinery or any industrial situation. You don't want to have to worry about whether your sealing products are working correctly...

How to understand O-rings and their design

O-Rings are a critical component for the proper sealing of specific pipes. They have to sit within a specified groove, which can vary based on the hardware used. That's why it's important to note the various types of o-ring groove design to understand better what kind...

Common Reasons Why O-Ring Fails

Industrial O-rings common failureIntroduction

O-ring failure can have expensive and severe consequences. If you want to ensure optimal performance of your design under all possible circumstances, it is important that you acquaint yourself with the most common reasons for O-ring failure.

Common Failures

Abrasion

Abrasion is an O-ring failure that is common in dynamic applications. This is due to repetitive contact and, ultimately, friction between the O-ring surface and housing groove. There are mainly two reasons for abrasion, namely insufficient lubrication and an improper surface finish. Abrasion can be detected by looking at the sliding contact faces of the O-ring. If it has a grazed surface, you may be running the risk of abrasion.

Chemical Attack

If the O-ring’s main elastomer is incompatible with the application media, the O-ring may fail due to a chemical attack. Chemical attacks can be worsened by extreme temperatures and if the O-ring is under stress. A chemical attack on the O-ring can be detected by looking for blisters, cracking, and discolouration on the in the O-ring.

Chemical Swell

When the O-ring’s elastomer allows ingress of chemical media, the O-ring can swell and lose its sealing ability. It can also lose its tensile strength. Like a chemical attack, this failure is due to lacking compatibility with the chemical media. Monitor the size of the O-ring and compare its current size to its original size to determine if there is chemical swelling.

Compression Set

This is when the circular cross-section of the O-ring becomes less circular and flattened on the sides to increase in temperature. If the O-ring’s elastomer is not compatible with extreme fluctuations in temperature, it can diminish the O-ring’s sealing ability as it doesn’t revert to its original shape when the temperature goes back to normal.

Installation Damage

O-rings that are damaged to careless or improper installation can result in failure. Incorrect sizing, cuts on the surface of the elastomer, dirt, or twisted O-ring, can result in lacking sealing ability. Installation damage can be caused in many different ways, and it can also happen if the O-ring is the correct size for the design.

Solution

There is no one solution for common O-ring failures. Failure may be due to many different circumstances and conditions. There are, however, overlapping causes of O-ring shortcomings that one should take note of.

Incompatibility with chemical media can cause an entire array of common-ring failures. If the material or elastomer of the O-ring is not compatible with the chemical media, it can reduce the O-ring’s sealing integrity. The chemical media or operating fluid may also ingress into the elastomer. To prevent this, make sure that chemical media and elastomer are compatible with each other.

The O-ring’s ability to cope with extreme temperatures is also important to prevent a number of common O-ring failures. If the sealing properties of an O-ring’s elastomer change under different temperatures are can also lead to failure. This is especially important when it comes to aircraft or vehicles that travel or flies in extreme circumstances.

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