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Different elastomers for o rings and various applications

An elastomer is a primary raw material used for most o rings. They are typically manufactured as gum rubber or manufactured synthetically, and surprisingly today, there are approximately over 32 different synthetic rubbers now available.  Elastomer compounds will...

Spiral wound gasket thickness – what’s best?

It is often recommended that using a thinner gasket type/material will result in better sealing performance.  Why?  Because thinner gaskets tend to require much less gasket stress to provide applications with the perfect seal, they also have an excellent response to...

Choosing the correct oil seal application

Choosing and using the proper sealing devices within oil and gas applications can be vital when preventing dirt, dust, water, and other debris from potentially getting inside and contaminating products.  Of course, all rubber materials and seals will provide a range...

Nitrile rubber, NBR, and Buna-N – how well do you know your o ring materials?

A widely used elastomer, Nitrile, Buna-N, or NBR rubber, are all oil and fuel resistant and provide a great level of strength, making them a popular material for seals across various industries.  Suitable for a range of applications, this versatile rubber material,...

Optimum squeezing force for an o ring

It is true that the more squeeze you place on an o ring, the tighter the seal it will provide. In essence, the more squeeze (compression) you apply, the greater the force between the o ring and its mating hardware.  And ensuring you have the perfect seal is all...

O Ring Squeeze

The squeeze and shrinkage on an o ring are vital to understanding as these factors stand in the way of your application either experiencing a perfect seal or your application suffering from leaks.  You can measure the shrinkage of an o ring during...

Keeping your o rings bonded

EMI o rings. Those seal ring gaskets are made of silicone compounds, combining environmental sealing with electromagnetic interference protection.  Consisting of metal or metal-coated particles, silicone o rings are filled with silver, silver aluminium, or nickel...

The importance of mechanical seals when reducing water consumption in mining

Environmental considerations are at the top of most industry's agendas in the 21st century as companies evaluate and improve operations, processes, and systems.  Conserving water in mining is one such area that is now being investigated further with the rotation of...

How choosing the correct gasket reduces risks

Health and Safety across any industry are vital, especially so in industrial facilities and settings.  Why?  Because harmful leaks and emissions must be avoided at all costs to avoid serious accidents or injury to your teams and property.  That’s why having the right...

How to tighten your bolts perfectly

How to tighten your bolts and which tools you should use to achieve the perfect seal is not as seamless and straightforward as we would like. Various factors come into play in these situations, such as bolt grade, size, and even application type.  Tightening torques...

Difference Between Ring Type Joint and Raised Face

Difference Between Ring Type Joint and Raised FaceIntroduction 

If you are new to the industry, you might not know the difference between Ring Type Joint and Raised Face. The difference is actually pretty simple and refers to the type of flange that you need to use when making your join.   

In this post, we will compare RTJ and RF so that you understand the differences more completely. Both types of joins are useful, but each has their own advantages and disadvantages. This post should give you more clarity and help you to identify what projects the different flanges are best suited for.   

 

Differences: Ring Type Joint vs Raised Face

Raised Face 

This is the type most commonly found in processing plants. When you see it, you will be able to recognise it straight away. In this model, the surfaces to attach the gasket to are raised. The bolting circle will always be lower than the gasket surfaces.  

The advantages are : 

  • You can use a wider range of gaskets – from spiral wound types to flat ring sheet types.  
  • As the surface is raised, it is more easily accessible. Replacing a worn gasket is thus a lot easier.  
  • This design enables more pressure to be concentrated onto a smaller gasket area. This, in turn, helps the joint handle pressure containment better.   
  • It is also useful when you need better separation between the two flanges being joined.  

  

Ring-Type Joint  

These are more commonly used in applications where either high pressure or high temperature is an issue. These are Class 600 or more flanges or where temperatures typically exceed 427° Centigrade.  

These flanges can be identified because they have grooves that are cut into their service. A metallic gasket is fitted into these grooves and then compressed to create a solid seal. The gasket is somewhat mangled in the process but fits into space perfectly.  

The advantages are:  

  • Metal to metal seals is made possible. These are a lot stronger and will withstand high heat, pressure and corrosion caused by chemicals.  
  • The grooves allow for a tighter fit and can be useful in situations where space is an issue.   
  • Depending on the type of gasket used, the faces may be in direct contact with one another.  
  • The gasket is not going to compress any more once it has been tightened. This makes it more resistant to movement and vibration.  
  • You have a reduced range of options when it comes to the type of gaskets that you can use. However, if you choose the right type for the job, the seal is highly reliable and strong. 

Conclusion 

As you can see, there are advantages to both types of flanges. You need to use the best design option for your project. It just pays to remember that you should always use the right connections for the best join possible.  

Using an RF connection on an RTJ is a recipe for disaster. It may hold initially, but something is bound to go wrong further down the line with this kind of tinkering.

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