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Different elastomers for o rings and various applications

An elastomer is a primary raw material used for most o rings. They are typically manufactured as gum rubber or manufactured synthetically, and surprisingly today, there are approximately over 32 different synthetic rubbers now available.  Elastomer compounds will...

Spiral wound gasket thickness – what’s best?

It is often recommended that using a thinner gasket type/material will result in better sealing performance.  Why?  Because thinner gaskets tend to require much less gasket stress to provide applications with the perfect seal, they also have an excellent response to...

Choosing the correct oil seal application

Choosing and using the proper sealing devices within oil and gas applications can be vital when preventing dirt, dust, water, and other debris from potentially getting inside and contaminating products.  Of course, all rubber materials and seals will provide a range...

Nitrile rubber, NBR, and Buna-N – how well do you know your o ring materials?

A widely used elastomer, Nitrile, Buna-N, or NBR rubber, are all oil and fuel resistant and provide a great level of strength, making them a popular material for seals across various industries.  Suitable for a range of applications, this versatile rubber material,...

Optimum squeezing force for an o ring

It is true that the more squeeze you place on an o ring, the tighter the seal it will provide. In essence, the more squeeze (compression) you apply, the greater the force between the o ring and its mating hardware.  And ensuring you have the perfect seal is all...

O Ring Squeeze

The squeeze and shrinkage on an o ring are vital to understanding as these factors stand in the way of your application either experiencing a perfect seal or your application suffering from leaks.  You can measure the shrinkage of an o ring during...

Keeping your o rings bonded

EMI o rings. Those seal ring gaskets are made of silicone compounds, combining environmental sealing with electromagnetic interference protection.  Consisting of metal or metal-coated particles, silicone o rings are filled with silver, silver aluminium, or nickel...

The importance of mechanical seals when reducing water consumption in mining

Environmental considerations are at the top of most industry's agendas in the 21st century as companies evaluate and improve operations, processes, and systems.  Conserving water in mining is one such area that is now being investigated further with the rotation of...

How choosing the correct gasket reduces risks

Health and Safety across any industry are vital, especially so in industrial facilities and settings.  Why?  Because harmful leaks and emissions must be avoided at all costs to avoid serious accidents or injury to your teams and property.  That’s why having the right...

How to tighten your bolts perfectly

How to tighten your bolts and which tools you should use to achieve the perfect seal is not as seamless and straightforward as we would like. Various factors come into play in these situations, such as bolt grade, size, and even application type.  Tightening torques...

4 Standard Types of Ring Type Joint

4 Standard Types of Ring Type JointIntroduction

ring type joint is a specialised gasket, designed to be used with flanges that have grooves in them. The advantage of this type of gasket is that it is made of metal and so creates a seal that is very strong and reliable.

It will withstand the pressure of up to 1500 Bars and temperatures of up to 1000° Centigrade. Also, it is resistant to chemical corrosion. The gasket is fitted into the groove. The two faces are then bolted together. As the ring type joint is compressed, it creates a solid seal.

They come in a range of different metals, from soft iron to stainless steel. It is essential to choose the right type of metal and shape for the job at hand.

4 Standard Types of RTJ

There are four basic types that you will need to choose from. These types are based on the shape of the ring and the flange groove that it will fit into. You will need to select the right shape to fit the groove, but also consider the type of metal as well.

The metal that the gasket is made of is softer than the flanges themselves. This is to prevent damage to the flanges and to ensure that the seal is good.

R Oval RTJ

If you were to take a cross-section of this model, it would be an oval shape. It is designed to fit the standard flange. The oval shape is the first design to have been made.

R Octagonal RTJ

These will also fit a standard flange, but a cross-section of this one would reveal a hexagonal shape. This provides a tighter seal than the oval models.

RX RTJ

These are interchangeable with the previous models. The RX models, however, are wider than the previous type. This means that the two faces being joined will not be right up against one another. This is useful when compensating for vibrations, shock loadings, etc.

They can seal themselves and can be used up to a Class 5000 and up to 700 Bars of pressure.

BX RTJ

These cannot be interchanged with the other two types and must be used with BX flanges of the API type. It is capable of handling a lot more pressure. They can handle up to 1500 Bars of pressure.

They can handle more pressure because there is a small hole that is drilled into the to ring itself. This is what makes pressure equalisation on either side of the join possible.

The ring is slightly bigger than the groove that is made for. This is to create a high-pressure seal. The downside is that more careful fitting is required. You need to ensure that the separation between the two joined piece is nice and even all the way around.

This can handle a class rating of 2000 to 20 000 PSI.

Find Out More Here!

Conclusion

Ring-type joints provide strong seals that are useful in high-demand situations. With the right model, you can be sure that the seal will be reliable and will hold well. There are also more customized types of Ring Type Joint, but the standard ones are normally more than adequate.

Read the next article: Difference between Ring Type Joint and Raised Face 

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